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Translated in Dutch by Joost Abrahams
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12. Treatment

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Author : David Bogert

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Time To Read :
2 minutes
Diseases are generally not a problem in aquariums which have over-filtered, crystal clear, bacteria free water.

The Key to Good Fish Health is Clean, Bacteria Free Water

Note this does not mean water which is changed frequently. The idea that water changes create good health is a myth. The idea that water which has “good water parameters” will give good health is also a myth.

We go into that in more depth in this link:

12.9. Avoiding Fish Diseases

Uaru amphiacanthoides Uaru Cichlid
Uaru amphiacanthoides – Uaru Cichlid

General Articles on Disease Treatment

One caution about diagnosing fish diseases. Even with a microscopic examination fish diseases are not easy to diagnose. Most hobbyists have only what their eyes tell them to go on as to what any fish disease is. This means that diagnosis of any fish disease is simply a “best guess”. And these “best guesses” are frequently wrong. So keep this in mind in all the following treatment articles.

There are some general articles which will be useful when treating any fish disease:

12.1. Basics of Treatment

12.2. Various Treatments Summarized

12.3. Quarantine Tanks

12.4. Ineffective Medications

12.5. Fish Don’t Drink

12.6. Sterilization

12.7. Making Medicated Food

12.8. Euthanizing a Fish

12.9. Avoiding Fish Diseases

12.10. The “Shotgun” Approach

Tropheus moorii Red Moliro
Tropheus moorii – Red Moliro

This is in addition to the last chapter on symptoms. The articles in this chapter are as follows:

11.1. Hole-in-the-head Syndrome

11.2. Stringy White Poop

11.3. Malawi Bloat

11.4. Dropsy

11.5. Hollow Belly

11.6. Swim Bladder Disease

11.7. Shimmying

11.8. Twirling

Toxotes blythii Burmese Archer Fish
Toxotes blythii – Burmese Archer Fish

11.9. Spinal Deformities

11.10. White Skin Blotches

11.11. Red Skin Blotches

11.12. Neon Tetra Disease

11.13. Slime Coat Disease

11.14. Scaly Skin

11.15. Fish Not Eating

11.16. Aggression

11.17 Black Death

11.18. Black Head Syndrome

Tropheops Yellow Thumbi
Tropheops Yellow Thumbi

These articles in turn are in addition to all the articles on specific diseases:

10.1. Diseases in General

10.2. External Protozoans

10.2.2. Ich

10.2.3. Velvet

10.2.4. Epistylis

10.2.5. Chilodonella and Costia

10.2.6. Tetrahymena

10.2.7. Cryptobia

Synodontis nigriventris Upside Down Catfish
Synodontis nigriventris – Upside Down Catfish

10.3. Bacterial Diseases

10.3.1. Skin Ulcers

10.3.2. Mouth Rot

10.3.3. Duck Lips

10.3.4. Fin Rot

10.3.5. Saddleback

10.3.6. Red Blotches

10.3.7. White Eyes

10.3.8. Pop Eyes

10.3.9. Red Gills

Sturisoma panamense Royal Whiptail Catfish
Sturisoma panamense – Royal Whiptail Catfish

10.4. Tuberculosis (Fish TB)

10.5. Hexamita

10.6. Flukes

10.7. Fish Saprolegnia or “Fungus”

10.8. Lymphocystis

10.9. Anchor Worms

10.10. Black Spot

Apistogramma cacatuoides Cockatoo Cichlid
Apistogramma cacatuoides – Cockatoo Cichlid

10.11. Tapeworms

10.12. Nematodes

10.12.1. Camallanus

10.12.2. Capillaria

10.13. Pests in the Aquarium

10.14. Fish Lice

10.15. Dwarf Gourami Disease

10.16. Graphite Disease in Bettas

Stiphodon atropurpureus Neon Blue River Goby
Stiphodon atropurpureus – Neon Blue River Goby